VR2W – 180 kHz
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Designed to operate with VEMCO’s line of 180 kHz tags, the VR2W-180 kHz receiver is cost effective, compact, easy to use, long-lasting and flexible, making it ideal for remote, long term monitoring of a broad range of fish species.
Juveniles, Smaller Fish, More Species
The VR2W-180 kHz is used with the family of 180 kHz transmitters (V4, V5 and V9-180 kHz). The v4 and V5 enable researchers to track and monitor smaller fish and a broader range of speciesthan ever before. The introduction of the V9-180 kHz tag has expanded VEMCO’s 180 kHz capability to include longer life tags that can be used on larger animals. 180 kHz tags have been used widely on a variety of fish species from salmon smolts to arctic cod to various reef species.
Why 180 kHz Frequency?
Choosing the 180 kHz frequency enabled VEMCO to develop small, lightweight tags that would operate well in both salt and fresh water environments.
VEMCO Bluetooth Communication Kit
A VEMCO Bluetooth Communication Kit is required to enable your receivers to communicate with your PC.
For more information, see the VR2W-180 kHz Datasheet.
|VR2W-180 kHz Specifications|
|Dimensions||308 mm long x 73 mm diameter|
1190 g in air, 50 g in water
1 -3.6 V Lithium D cell battery
|Battery life||Approximately 8 months|
|Maximum depth||500 metres|
|Receiver frequency||180 kHz|
|Storage||Approximately 1.6-million detections (16 MBytes non-volatile flash memory)
Approximately 1-million detections (8 MBytes non-volatile flash memory)
|Attachment||Standard: cable ties|
|Firmware||Field upgradable receiver firmware|
|Software||VEMCO user Environment (VUE) software|
|Transmitters||Logs and decodes ALL Vemco 180 kHz transmitters|
|Code maps||Support for all current and planned Vemco code maps|
VR2W User Manual
VR2W Quick Guide
VUE Software Version 2.3.0 (Posted September 2016)
VR2W-180 kHz Firmware Version 3.0.5 (Posted June 2015)
Detection range depends on so many factors that it is difficult to estimate without knowledge of the environment and prior experience with telemetry. Range depends on transmission power, signal absorption, line of sight, reflection/refraction, multipath and environmental noise (man-made & natural), and the receiving quality of the receiver/hydrophone. Typically areas that have clear water, sand or silt flat bottoms and low current exhibit the greatest ranges. Conversely, areas with turbid water, complex rocky bottom topography and high current exhibit low ranges. In all cases, extreme weather events and periods of high wind (waves) may significantly reduce range.
In most cases greater transmission power output (dB) results in greater range. For example, in good conditions a V7-VR2W range test could yield a range of 300-400 m and a V16-VR2W test could yield ranges of 800-1200 m. There are some exceptions where high power and a reflective and low noise environment may cause detection breakdowns.
Please try our Range Calculator but only use the results as a guide. One should always perform range testing to determine appropriate receiver spacing. For the enthusiast who wants to learn more about sound propagation, try the widely accepted reference on underwater sound by Urick (1983). (Urick, Robert J. Principles of Underwater Sound, 3rd Edition. New York. McGraw-Hill, 1983.).
No, our receivers and coded transmitters are not compatible with other vendor’s equipment. Our receivers and transmitters are designed to work as a system using the VEMCO proprietary coding system. Some manufacturers make claims of compatibility but these are false. Over time, we change code maps and tag and receiver firmware and hardware to enhance both functionality and coding options to allow you to conduct research and data analysis with confidence. We cannot provide support for data analysis (e.g., VPS, false detect analysis, biological analysis) for any data that might originate from non VEMCO tags or receivers.
VR2W receivers are to be used with a Tadiran TL-5930/F Lithium Inorganic 3.6V battery or equivalent. These batteries will last approximately 12-15 months in a 69 kHz receiver and 8-10 months in a 180 kHz receiver. Frequent communication via Bluetooth and your PC will consume more battery life than when the receiver is in RECORD mode.
You cannot rely on the battery voltage in VUE as an indicator of remaining life due to the discharge characteristics of this battery type. To ensure you are always using a battery with enough remaining life, we recommend tracking actual time the battery has been in use by writing deployment/retrieval dates directly on the battery. Inspect the battery case prior to deployment and do not use if there is any damage.
These batteries have a shelf life of approximately 5 years. Store these batteries at room temperature and always disconnect the battery in the VR2W if you plan on storing your receivers for any long periods (i.e. months at a time).
For information on how to change your receiver’s battery, please refer to Section 2 of the VR2W User Manual.
No, the VR2W-69kHz and VR2W-180kHz receivers are two completely different receivers with specific hardware.
Generally, in most cases we recommend that a VR2W should be orientated with the hydrophone looking upwards. This is typically because receivers are commonly moored closer to the seafloor than the surface. In some situations it may be beneficial to mount the receiver with the hydrophone pointing towards the sea floor. If a receiver is mounted near the surface or a considerable distance from the sea floor and if the researcher is monitoring benthic creatures a bottom looking receiver may perform better because your tagged animals will not be in a shadow zone (under the receiver). If receiver orientation is a concern, we recommend that you perform range tests.
The VR2W has a recommended operating temperature range of -5 to 40oC. If there is a possibility that your receiver will exceed either of these temperatures, please consider another deployment location. Exposure to direct sunlight can cause the internal temperature of the black receiver case to reach temperatures much higher than the ambient temperature.
We would be very pleased to help connect with the owners of these unknown IDs. Our Customer Service section contains detailed information on our procedure for addressing the detection of foreign/unknown IDs.
- VUE Software
- Application Notes
- User Guides
Tracking Dungeness Crab in the Columbia River
Species: Dungeness crab
Curtis Roegner and team are using the VPS system to investigate the effect of dredge spoil deposition events on tagged crabs.
OTN Arctic Cumberland Sound Array
Species: Arctic skate, Greenland halibut, Greenland shark, Ringed seal
Cumberland Sound, on southern Baffin Island, supports a wide variety and number of arctic fish, seabird and marine mammal species and a community of 1,400 people (Pangnirtung). Significant changes have occurred in the Cumberland Sound ecosystem in the recent past, which are likely due to climatic changes. Ice condition is the most obvious change as the duration of ice cover and the extent of land-fast ice have been reduced. These changes in arctic ice cover will likely have serious impacts on the trophic interactions and movements of arctic species. This project will target the spatial, seasonal and temporal interaction of fish and marine mammals in the Cumberland Sound ecosystem. This will be accomplished by overlying the spatial and temporal movements of key fish and marine mammal species using a combination of satellite tags, acoustic (V6) and chat tags, and an array of VR2W receivers in the Sound, with current and on going studies of trophic interactions using stomach contents and chemical tracers (stable isotopes) from numerous species and levels of the trophic system.
Sacramento River Salmonid Habitat Study
Species: Chinook salmon, Steelhead, Green sturgeon
The US Army Corps of Engineers is implementing a multi-year fish tracking study to monitoring migration and rearing behavior of juvenile Chinook salmon, steelhead, and green sturgeon to support development of a fish behavioral model and learn more about how habitat may be utilized by these species in large rivers. This work is being conducted for the Sacramento River Bank Protection Project. www.spk.usace.army.mil/Missions/CivilWorks/SacramentoRiverBankProtection.aspx
- Ideal for remote, long term monitoring of small fish species
- Operates effectively in both fresh and saltwater environments
- Detects multiple transmitters in fast moving environments